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Learning Theories in Brief

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When you talk of the main learning theories popular in the nineteenth century, we list four:  Behaviorism, Cognitivism, Social Constructivism and Social Cognitivism.  The first name that comes to anyone talking about Behaviourism is B.F. Skinner (1904 to 1990)--known as the father of Behaviourism.  John Piaget (1896 to 1980) is the foremost theorist in Cognitivism. Third, Lev Vygotsky (1896 to 1934) expanded the theory of cognition, adding s new dimension to it--sociocultural cognition. And lastly, not least, Albert Bandura (1925-Present) is also a cognitive theorist offering a link between Behaviourist and cognitive theories. 

Digital Education and the Challenges of Digital Divide.

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Free stock photos Digital education is transformative and impacts education equipping the learners for a better future. It's enhancing, give learners choices and freedom to go at their own pace and be better achievers.  It has been happening at the school and higher education levels in many nations at a space decided by each nation's ability to meet the financial demands it entails. Some have managed computers and laptops in their school systems; others have only heard of them.   The covid-19 pandemic has stuck the world at lightning speed, allowing no time for people to deal with the disaster it caused; it left the education systems in almost all nations in disarray.  When people encountered a killer disaster, everything other than life turned non-count.  But, education cannot be left in limbo, and in the new dispensation of strict prohibitory physical distancing, the use of technology turned out the only option.  Not bad because technology is the future, and that should have

New Challenges of Formal Education at the time of the Covid 19 pandemic

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Introduction: First of all, I thank the Blogchatter Admins for challenging me with this opportunity--  publish ten posts in my blog for the Blogchatter Half Marathon.  After thinking long and hard, I chose the theme-- The  Challenges of Formal Education, Globally.   Education is the field I'm familiar with; I had a career in teaching.  And for the most part of my career, I spent in African nations.  And, formal education always has got a fair share of challenges from various angles. Needless to say, the Covid-19 pandemic aggravated them, made it multifaceted.  This, I want to highlight in my first two posts:  1. A brief look into the Covid-19 Challenges and the New Normal . 2. The Challenges of Digital Education and the Digital Divide.  I take the motivation for the views I showcase in the posts generally from my readings.  When I point out the general challenges in the methodology in education, I base it on the learning theories in education; Post No . 3. Learning Theories in Brie

Teacher's day

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(From Public Domain Pictures) I got a big surprise, when I joined the Master's course at Rhodes University, Grahamstown, South Africa.  On the first day of the orientation week, our professor urged us to address each other by the first name.  I didn't feel comfortable with calling the professor by his first name: that was going against my entire notion of learner -teacher relationship. When I started learning the alphabet, as a child, I was asked to touch my guru's feet to get his blessings.  As part of the ceremony, I submitted an auspicious gift to him, a ripe areca nut and coins wrapped in a betel leaf. I was three, my guru in his eighties.   He told, for regular lessons, I had to attend his institute.  I was looking forward to that. The guru's institute was a thatched open shed in the middle of a wilderness.  As the tiny-tots in my batch joined him in his institute, we realized he was a real terror.  Canes of different thickness and malleability, he kept behind his

A bloody honeymoon for an Indian bride in Cape Town, South Africa

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Anni and Shrien Dewani were described 'a very sweet couple who looked very happy together' by the staff and the guests of Chitwa Chitwa an exclusive upmarket lodge at Sabi Sand Game Reserve, Mpumalanga where the couple stayed for two days from November 9 to 11, last year. On November 12 they flew to Cape Town. There at the International Airport Shrien hired driver Zola Tongo to chauffeur them to the luxury Cape Grace Hotel. Next day Tongo took them to Gugulethu a township near Cape Town.  On their return back to the hotel late in the evening his vehicle, a VW Sharan, was high-jacked by two men. The high-jackers pushed first Tongo and then Shrien out of the vehicle and drove off. Next day the abandoned vehicle was found at Khayelitsha , another township near Cape town in which Anni's body was found shot at neck. The news shocked South Africa and Britain. Shrine 31is British and Annie 28 Sweedish. Shrien co owns PSP Healthcare that has nursing homes in the UK and lives in Bri

Indian parents who do not want girls

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A friend of mine sent me two B.B.C links the other day. One is on India's increasing female foeticide by Dr.Sabu George and the other on West's role in it by Soutik Biswas . According to the first, female foeticide is a flourishing business in India run by its esteemed medical fraternity.  By law, abortion is illegal there after 12 weeks and sex determination test before 14 weeks of pregnancy.  So it is only the question of will and determination from the government to implement it. But according to experts government is not doing that and hence the business flourishes.  Mothers are subjected to abuse and threat in case they refuse abortion by in-laws and husbands. From the cultural point of view Indian families prefer boys over girls for fear of dowry is one reason behind this.   The second link brings in a second dimension, that the West by promoting sex-selection as a means of birth control is playing an influential role in it. Biswas bases his arguments on the recent book